State of the World's Children 2012: Children in an Urban World
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) - February 2012
Full report available in PDF [156p.] at: http://uni.cf/zLwQa6
Spanish: Estado Mundial de la Infancia 2012
Niñas y niños en un mundo urbano - http://uni.cf/AntFcJ
French: La Situation des enfants dans le monde 2012
Les enfants dans un monde urbain -: http://uni.cf/xG7Gks
“……..…..The experience of childhood is increasingly urban. Over half the world’s people – including more than a billion children – now live in cities and towns. Many children enjoy the advantages of urban life, including access to educational, medical and recreational facilities. Too many, however, are denied such essentials as electricity, clean water and health care – even though they may live close to these services. Too many are forced into dangerous and exploitative work instead of being able to attend school. And too many face a constant threat of eviction, even though they live under the most challenging conditions – in ramshackle dwellings and overcrowded settlements that are acutely vulnerable to disease and disaster.
The hardships endured by children in poor communities are often concealed – and thus perpetuated – by the statistical averages on which decisions about resource allocation are based. Because averages lump everyone together, the poverty of some is obscured by the wealth of others. One consequence of this is that children already deprived remain excluded from essential services.
Increasing numbers of children are growing up in urban areas. They must be afforded the amenities and opportunities they need to realize their rights and potential. Urgent action must be taken to:
• Better understand the scale and nature of poverty and exclusion affecting children in urban areas.
• Identify and remove the barriers to inclusion.
• Ensure that urban planning, infrastructure development, service delivery and broader efforts
to reduce poverty and inequality meet the particular needs and priorities of children.
• Promote partnership between all levels of government and the urban poor – especially children and young people.
• Pool the resources and energies of international, national, municipal and community actors in support of efforts to
ensure that marginalized and impoverished children enjoy their full rights.
These actions are not goals but means to an end: fairer, more nurturing cities and societies for all people –starting with children….”
Executive Summary [PDF]
Chapter 1 Children in an increasingly urban world
Chapter 2 Children's rights in urban settings
Chapter 3 Urban challenges
Chapter 4 Towards cities fit for children
Chapter 5 Uniting for children in an urban world
Statistical tables for 2011 Figures Photographs – Video
* * *
This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues. [DD/ KMC Area]
“Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members”.
Equity List - Archives - Join/remove: http://listserv.paho.org/Archives/equidad.html
IMPORTANT: This transmission is for use by the intended
recipient and it may contain privileged, proprietary or
confidential information. If you are not the intended
recipient or a person responsible for delivering this
transmission to the intended recipient, you may not
disclose, copy or distribute this transmission or take
any action in reliance on it. If you received this transmission
in error, please dispose of and delete this transmission.